Secure IT Alert: CERT Issues Security Recommendations to Prevent Cyber Intrusions

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Homeland Secure IT Alert

Homeland Secure IT Alert for Wednesday, July 21st, 2011

The United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team has issued their recommendations for protection against network intrusions. ¬†I have included the entire document below, but the most current version of the document can be found here. ¬†Please keep in mind that these recommendations are not related to any one platform. These are “Best Practices” regardless of whether your business uses Microsoft, Linux or Mac OS X or whether your organization relies upon cloud computing instead of localized servers.

National Cyber Alert System
Technical Cyber Security Alert TA11-200Aarchive

Security Recommendations to Prevent Cyber Intrusions

Original release date: July 19, 2011
Last¬†revised: —
Source: US-CERT


US-CERT is providing this Technical Security Alert in response to recent, well-publicized intrusions into several government and private sector computer networks. Network administrators and technical managers should not only follow the recommended security controls information systems outlined in NIST 800-53 but also consider the following measures. These measures include both tactical and strategic mitigations and are intended to enhance existing security programs.


  • Deploy a Host Intrusion Detection System (HIDS) to help block and identify common attacks.
  • Use an application proxy in front of web servers to filter out malicious requests.
  • Ensure that the “allow URL_fopen” is disabled on the web server to help limit PHP vulnerabilities from remote file inclusion attacks.
  • Limit the use of dynamic SQL code by using prepared statements, queries with parameters, or stored procedures whenever possible. Information on SQL injections is available at¬†
  • Follow the best practices for secure coding and input validation; use the secure coding guidelines available at:¬†and¬†
  • Review US-CERT documentation regarding distributed denial-of-service attacks:¬†¬†and
  • Disable active scripting support in email attachments unless required to perform daily duties.
  • Consider adding the following measures to your password and account protection plan.
    • Use a two factor authentication method for accessing privileged root level accounts.
    • Use minimum password length of 15 characters for administrator accounts.
    • Require the use of alphanumeric passwords and symbols.
    • Enable password history limits to prevent the reuse of previous passwords.
    • Prevent the use of personal information as password such as phone numbers and dates of birth.
    • Require recurring password changes every 60-90 days.
    • Deploy NTLMv2 as the minimum authentication method and disable the use of LAN Managed passwords.
    • Use minimum password length of 8 characters for standard users.
    • Disable local machine credential caching if not required through the use of Group Policy Object (GPO). For more information on this topic see Microsoft Support articles¬†306992¬†and¬†555631.
    • Deploy a secure password storage policy that provides password encryption.
  • If an administrator account is compromised, change the password immediately to prevent continued exploitation. Changes to administrator account passwords should only be made from systems that are verified to be clean and free from malware.
  • Implement guidance and policy to restrict the use of personal equipment for processing or accessing official data or systems (e.g., working from home or using a personal device while at the office).
  • Develop policies to carefully limit the use of all removable media devices, except where there is a documented valid business case for its use. These business cases should be approved by the organization with guidelines for there use.
  • Implement guidance and policies to limit the use of social networking services at work, such as personal email, instant messaging, Facebook, Twitter, etc., except where there is a valid approved business case for its use.
  • Adhere to network security best practices. See¬†¬†for more information.
  • Implement recurrent training to educate users about the dangers involved in opening unsolicited emails and clicking on links or attachments from unknown sources. Refer to¬†NIST SP 800-50¬†for additional guidance.
  • Require users to complete the agency’s “acceptable use policy” training course (to include social engineering sites and non-work related uses) on a recurring basis.
  • Ensure that all systems have up-to-date patches from reliable sources. Remember to scan or hash validate for viruses or modifications as part of the update process.

Feedback can be directed to US-CERT.

Produced 2011 by US-CERT, a government organization. Terms of use

Revision HistoryJuly 19, 2011: Initial release

Last updated July 20, 2011

Should your Greenville or Upstate SC based business or organization require assistance with this, please contact us at 864.990.4748 or email We offer firewalls and security appliances from our partners such as Cisco, WatchGuard, SonicWALL, and more!

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